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1 edition of ecological management of arid and semi-arid rangelands in Africa and the Near and Middle East (EMASAR) found in the catalog.

ecological management of arid and semi-arid rangelands in Africa and the Near and Middle East (EMASAR)

ecological management of arid and semi-arid rangelands in Africa and the Near and Middle East (EMASAR)

formulation of an International Cooperative Programme : report of an international conference held in Rome, 3-8 February 1975.

by

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Published by Food and Agriculture Organization in Rome .
Written in English


Edition Notes

ContributionsFood and Agriculture Organization., United Nations. Environment Programme.
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL16657620M

In Africa, rangelands are the major sources of feed for ruminants and constitute about 65% of the total land area which supports 59% of all ruminant livestock (Friedel et al ). The rangelands of Ethiopia are mainly located within the arid and semi-arid agro-ecological zones below 1,Cited by: 2. African Studies American Studies Ancient Near East and Egypt Art History Asian Studies Book History and A cost-income model of leaves and roots with special reference to arid and semi-arid Nat Williams O.B. Roe R. Management of arid grasslands for sheep: plant demography of six grasses. HISTORICAL BACKGROUND OF THE DEVELOPMENT OF ARID AND SEMI-ARID LAND (ASAL) OF KENYA KENYA - A PROFILE Kenya is an independent republic within the Common-wealth Nations. It is situated in the eastern part of Africa astride the equator. It is bordered on the north by Ethiopia and Sudan, on the West by Uganda, on the South by. Kenya: Country situation assessment 3 Acknowledgements I would like to thank Professor Pius Yanda, Director, Centre for Climate Change Studies, University of Dar es Salaam and Co-principal Investigator for Pathways to Resilience in Semi-arid Economies (PRISE), for accepting me to undertake this Kenya Country Situation Analysis (CSA) Size: 1MB.

Principles of Cover Cropping for Arid and Semi-arid To find more resources for your business, home, or family, visit the College of Agricultural, Consumer and Environmental Sciences on the World Wide Web at Farming Systems Guide .


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ecological management of arid and semi-arid rangelands in Africa and the Near and Middle East (EMASAR) Download PDF EPUB FB2

Vol. 7 has title: Ecological management of arid and semi-arid rangelands of Africa, the Near and Middle East (EMASAR, phase II).

"Prepared as part of a cooperative project of the United Nations Environment Programme with the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations as cooperating agency.". It was written under the auspices of the joint FAO/UNEP programme, "Ecological Management of Arid and Semi-Arid Rangelands in Africa, Near and Middle East" (EMASAR Phase II), by Michel Baumer an FAO consultant, in collaboration with Ratisimba-Rahorm.

(Ecological management of arid and semi-arid rangelands in Africa and the Near and Middle East) by M. D Kernick (ISBN: ) from Amazon's Book Store. Hypoglycaemic and coronary risk index lowering; of Arid and Semi-Arid Rangelands in Africa ; and coronary risk index lowering effects of Bauhinia.

This book examines the problems and opportunities involved in man's use of semi-arid areas. The authors are all actively involved in research and land management in the areas discussed. Each chapter begins with a detailed, up-to-date account of the ecology of the region (its climate, soils, vegetation, fauna and main ecological characteristics).Format: Ebook.

Get this from a library. Notes on trees and shrubs in arid and semi-arid regions. [Michel Baumer; Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.; United Nations Environment Programme.; Programme on the Ecological Management of Air and Semi-arid Rangelands in Africa and the Near and Middle East of FAO.].

Arid rangelands throughout the Middle East / North Africa (MENA) region are currently managed without clear information of long term trends in vege tation, stocking rates, or ecological : David Gallacher.

Rangeland management strategies. The three key driving forces of vegetation change in semi-arid rangelands—rainfall, fire and grazing—act on various different timescales and cause a range of ecological effects ().A clear distinction can be drawn between short-term vegetation dynamics (for example, caused by a single rainfall or drought event) and longer-term changes, Cited by: This volume is part of the series produced under the international programme for the Ecological Management of Arid and Semi-arid Grasslands of Africa and the Near and Middle East (EMASAR), and deals with the training and education of staff necessary to carry out pasture production and rangeland improvement in southern and E.

Africa. Current programmes in Author: L. Strange. Recent ecological studies in semi-arid rangelands have shown that developing sustainable agriculture will depend on an improved understanding of the spatial and temporal varia- bility characterizing semi-arid ecosystems (Behnkeet al., ; Scoones, ).

Rangelands of the Arid and Semi-Arid zones in Uzbekistan. and development projects in Mediterranean arid and semi-arid rangelands. The model. principal land problem in the arid and semi-arid regions, coupled with land use change to cultivated farmland in the many countries (Barrow ).

The rangelands of southern Ethiopia until four decades ago were considered as the finest rangeland in East Africa (Coppock, ). UNESCO – EOLSS SAMPLE CHAPTERS RANGE AND ANIMAL SCIENCES AND RESOURCES MANAGEMENT - Vol. II - From Inventory To Monitoring In Semi-Arid And Arid Rangelands - G.

Gintzburger, S. Saïdi ©Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems (EOLSS) • Geographic overview: The first task is to properly delineate the region of study and identify homogeneous areas and. A number of bio-bibliographical studies exists on similar cases, among them Berque's study of Hassan Youssi (–91) or Dale F.

Eickelman's book on Abderrahman El Mansouri (d. based on the criteria developed for semi-arid rangelands in south and eastern Africa (Tainton ) and the analysis of rangeland condition was carried out following Baars et al. () and adapted by some authors (Amsalu and Baars, ; Gemedo-Dalle et al.

The factors for woody layer were considered and. Definitions • Drylands cover approximately 40% of the world’s land area, and support two billion people, 90% of whom live in developing countries. These areas receive relatively low overall amounts of precipitation in the form of rainfall or snow (UN, ; MEA ).

Drought, change and resilience in South Africa’s arid and semi-arid rangelands Susanne Vetter Introduction Droughts are a frequent occurrence in South Africa’s arid and semi-arid rangelands and can have severe ecological and economic consequences.1 While these may be short-term and followed by recovery during subsequent years of higher rain.

How is Ecological Management of Semi-Arid Rangelands in Africa, the Near East, and Middle East abbreviated. EMASAR stands for Ecological Management of Semi-Arid Rangelands in Africa, the Near East, and Middle East.

EMASAR is defined as Ecological Management of Semi-Arid Rangelands in Africa, the Near East, and Middle East very rarely. 83 Chapter 3 MANAGEMENT OF THE SEMI-ARID AND ARID RANGELANDS OF AUSTRALIA A.D.

WILSON and R. GRAETZ CSIRO, Division of Land Resources Management, Deniliquin, N.S.W. (Australia) INTRODUCTION The arid and semi-arid lands of Australia cover the vast central area of the continent, extending to the western and southern coasts and comprising V.

Le Houérou, H.N. Resources and potential of the native flora for fodder and sown pasture production in the arid and semi-arid zones of North Africa.

In Arid land plant resources, J.R. Goodin and D,K. Northington (eds): – Google ScholarCited by: The condition of the semi-arid Borana rangeland in southern Ethiopia was assessed by studying different land-use systems (communal land, a government ranch and a traditional grazing reserve enclosure) and along a distance gradient (near, middle and far) from water sources.

The assessment incorporated the soil, herbaceous and woody plant by: Ecologic management of livestock grazing in rangelands, Islamic Azad University of Boshehr press, Abdelrahim A, Abdalla N. Assessment of Rangelands in Semi-Arid Areas of Sudan – South Kordofan State (Eldebeibat Area), ARPN Journal of.

Milton, S.J. and M.T. Hoffman. The application of state-and-transition models to rangeland research and management in arid succulent and semi-arid grassy Karoo, South Africa.

Journal of the Grassland Society of Southern Africa 11(1): 18– Google Scholar. Land Degradation. Land degradation is defined as the temporary or permanent decline in the productive capacity of the land, and the diminution of the productive potential, including its major land uses (e.g., rain-fed arable, irrigation, forests), its farming systems (e.g., smallholder subsistence), and its value as an economic resource.

The definition of Arid and Semi-Arid follows the Agro-Ecological Zones classification of FAO, and elaborated by Jätzhold et al in the Farm Management Handbook of Kenya. In its simplified form it combines temperature and available moisture.

Temperature in the map units directly relate to altitude, which makes the system less reliableFile Size: 1MB. Improving pasture management in arid and semi-arid lands in the Horn of Africa through Pastoralist Field Schools Context Recurrent drought, degraded rangelands and reduced access to traditional grazing lands have left pastoral communities in the Horn of Africa’s arid and semi-arid lands (ASALs).

UNESCO – EOLSS SAMPLE CHAPTERS LAND USE, LAND COVER AND SOIL SCIENCES – Vol. VII – Soils of Arid and Semi-Arid Areas - Willy Verheye ©Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems (EOLSS) CaCO + H CO Ca + 2HCO Ca(HCO) 3 32↔↔ (2) 2NaX + CaSO CaX + Na SO↔ (3) Na SO +10H O Na SOH O24 2 2 4 2↔ (4) Because the wetting front is File Size: KB.

livelihood for many people. Arid and semi-arid land (ASAL) has given rise to a large number of different breeds. These breeds have great intrabreed diversity, multipurpose and are part of a- survival strategy which people have developed to cope with extreme climatic and environmental conditions.

Nutritional, ecological, and economic evaluation of dairy farming of utilisation of available feed is constrained by failure to use recommended management economic perspectives of dairy farming systems in semi-arid regions of the Middle East and North Africa. instability in semi-arid environments, so rigid stocking policies may increase the risk of vegetation degradation.

Flexible and opportunistic management practices are required to realise the sustainable economic yield from rangelands. Research highlights Although an extensive body of literature on semi-arid rangeland systems exists, there is.

Researchers in SNRE are doing work that will lead to innovative solutions for agricultural needs in arid and semi-arid regions around the world, including crop production, water and land conservation and reclamation, and food security assessment.

As the International Arid Lands Consortium (of which the UA is a founding member) notes, arid. Rangelands vary from desert shrub to lush grassland, and provide the main fodder source for the national cattle and small-stock herds as well as for wildlife.

The productivity of all the rangelands of South Africa has been deteriorating as a result of inter alia desertification, bush encroachment and the loss of palatable plant species. After a year and a half researching our book on arid and semi-arid land trees, and ecological restoration projects and programs in the world’s drylands, we still like our name for that “unnamed movement” Hawken referred to, namely a restoration culture for the 21 st century.

The semi-arid zones of the world are fragile ecosystems which are being sub­ stantially modified by the activities of mankind. Increasing human populations have resulted in greater demands on semi-arid zones for providing human susten­ ance and the possibility that this may enhance desertification is a grave : Paperback.

The semi-arid zones of the world are fragile ecosystems which are being sub­ stantially modified by the activities of mankind.

Increasing human populations have resulted in greater demands on semi-arid zones for providing human susten­ ance and the possibility that this may enhance desertification is a grave concern.

These zones are harsh habitats for humans. Desertification in the arid regions of Asia is characterized by overgrazing of the rangelands of the Middle East and Central Asia, water erosion of cultivated lands from eastern China to the Mediterranean Sea, and salinization and waterlogging on a large scale in Iraq, Pakistan, China, and the Soviet Union.

semi-arid areas of southern Africa is a function of the existing environmental and climatic conditions coupled with governance, socio-economic, health, education, culture and human demography issues.

Communities in semi-arid regions are characterised by: i) dependence. Introduction of woody plants in silvopastoral systems could be an appropriate land-use for the poor sandy soils of the Mediterranean semiarid zone.

Forage production of four woody fodder species and herbaceous vegetation in relation to plant spacing and animal (sheep) grazing was studied in a silvopastoral system on such a site in Macedonia, northern by: Climate-related hazards are a serious threat to Kenya’s development.

Agriculture, the mainstay of the Kenyan economy, is predominantly rain-fed, making it highly vulnerable to climate change. Droughts are the most common disasters affecting Kenya.

The majority of the major shortfalls in food supply recorded have been associated with rainfall deficits. unfavourable ecological conditions and to the existing social environment.

Leguminou s species and agroforestry techniques represent potential methods to optimize the use of fertilizers and other external inputs.

Unfortunately, these agronomic techniques alone a re insufficient for sustainable development of semi-arid Africa. Socio-economic. Section 3 selects a definition for the semi-arid areas in Tanzania, and identifies the two distinct semi-arid resource zones that follow from this definition.

Difficulties associated with the non-alignment of the semi-arid areas and the administrative areas are flagged. A demographic sketch is provided based.

Arid regions by definition receive little precipitation—less than 10 inches (25 centimeters) of rain per year.

Semi-arid regions receive 10 to 20 inches (25 to 50 centimeters) of rain per year. Although the rocks and tectonic features underlying arid regions may not differ from other areas, the landscape is distinctive.and problems in East Africa. Limitations The sample includes primarily references dealing with ecological research in East Africa, that is Kenya, the United Republic of Tanzania, and Uganda.

Ecologically, the coverage has been restricted to terrestrial and, more particularly, arid and semi-arid environments. Thus, marine.management that conserves water. Green Infrastructure in Arid and Semi-Arid Climates Adapting innovative stormwater management techniques to the water-limited West.

In arid and semi-arid regions, many green infrastructure practices may not When rain falls on natural landscapes, much of it either soaks into the ground or is returned.